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Maths - Forming and solving one-step equations


An equation is a number sentence where one side equals another. For example:

10 + 2 = 4 + 8

A one-step equation is an equation that can be solved in one step.

Forming equations

How would you form an equation from a word problem?

Simply look for the key information like you would with any word problem.

Example 1:

Charlotte thinks of a number, adds 18 to it. Her answer is 30. What is her number?

To work out what the missing number is, you need to follow these steps:

  1. You don’t know the number Charlotte first thinks of, so you could write this missing value as: n.
  2. The operation is mentioned next - “adds 18”. You would then show this in the equation: n + 18
  3. The last bit of key information is what the answer is - “Her answer is 30”. So therefore: n + 18 = 30

When you have formed the equation, you still have to find what the letter represents in order to solve it.

Solving equations

One-step equations can also be called missing number problems; to be able to solve it, you need to find what the missing number is.

Instead of using a gap to show that a number is missing, in algebra, you use a letter. For example:

p + 9 = 20

That equation is the same as writing it as ___ + 9 = 20.

You need to find the value of p in order to solve the one step equation. Think, what do you add to 9 to make 20?

The answer is p = 11

Example 2:

You can use inverse operations to solve equations too so that the letter is on one side of the equation by itself.

6a = 42

The operation used here is multiplication.

Remember, in algebra, the ‘x’ symbol for multiplication isn’t used because it might be confusing since other letters are being utilised. If a number is next to a letter, it represents multiplication.

Now, use the inverse operation (division), on both sides of the equation:

6a = 42

Divide by 6 on both sides

a = 7

If you feel confident about solving equations, you can pause the clip  and do the work yourself. When it is done, start the clip up again and check your answers as Mr J goes through them.

Activity 1



Worksheet 1

Activity 2



Worksheet 2



Learn - Analysing and performing poetry

Poetry is fantastic! It is a type of writing that is designed to bring out feelings (emotions) in the reader or the person who is listening to it being read aloud.

There are lots of different types of poem. Some have strict rules, such as limericks or haikus. On the other hand, some have less rules, such as free verse or narrative poems.

Watch this video to learn about the key features of various types of poem.



All poems have a subject – the thing that the poem is about. Poets can write about anything.

For example, Robert Burns wrote about mice and even haggis!


Descriptive language that creates imagery (a picture in the mind of the reader) is important in poetry. Poems often include descriptive devices like:

  • Similes describe something by comparing it to something else, using like or as.

For example, the daffodils twirled like ballerinas.

  • Metaphors are a word or a phrase used to describe something as if it were something else.

For example, George had a lion’s heart (meaning he was brave).

  • Personification describes objects as if they are people.

For example, the daffodils were fluttering and dancing in the breeze.


Watch this clip about the types of poetry there are.


Now watch this clip by poet, Joseph Coelho, about how poetry can be fun!









Watch Joseph again about how poems can be performed.


As usual, please send your completed work to: