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Sir Francis Drake

Everest - Monday

English - GPS

Learn - Modal Verbs


 Watch this short clip to remind you of what verbs are.


A verb is a word used to describe an action, state or occurrence. They can also be used to describe a state (being or feeling something).

Verbs can be used to describe an action, that’s doing something. For example, the word ‘jumping’ in this sentence:

‘The rabbit was jumping in the field.’

They can also be used to describe a state of being (feeling something). For example, the word ‘likes' here:

‘The monster likes rollercoasters.’

Or a verb can be used to describe an occurrence, (something that’s happening). For example, the word ‘became’ in this sentence:

‘The caterpillar became a butterfly.’

Now, watch this short clip to understand what modal verbs are and how they can be used.

Modal verbs

Modal verbs are a special type of verb that impact other verbs in a sentence.

Words such as: can/could, may/might, will/would, shall/should and must are modal verbs.

They can be used to show:

  • possibility (for example might, should)
  • ability (for example can, could)
  • obligation (for example must, have to)
  • give permission (for example can, may).

For example, 'the Sea Monster should go away'.

'Should' is the modal verb here as it indicates the likelihood of the Sea Monster going.

Activity 1

Watch this video all about Emperor Penguins. Can you write five sentences about Emperor Penguins that each include a modal verb?

Extra challenge:

Can you write a sentence that includes a negative modal verb. For example, ‘the fluffy chicks shouldn’t walk too far from their parents’.

Top tip!

Using modal verbs in your writing can help the person reading your work to understand if the action you are writing about is possible or impossible, needs permission or has to be done.


  • ‘the penguins must huddle together to stay warm in the blizzard'
  • 'the baby penguins should stay close to their parents to stay safe'.

Activity 2

Please click the link here to do an online modal verbs task. Once you have finished it you hit the 'check answers' button below the exercise to check your work. Please make sure you read all the sentences carefully before definitley inputting an answer.


Maths Challenge

Challenge 1

Eric bakes these two trays of muffins.

Two baking trays each containing 6 muffins.

He eats 2 muffins.

His dad eats 3 muffins.

His sister eats 4 muffins.

How many muffins does he have left?

Challenge 2

Lola buys this key ring.

A key ring with a price tag of 20 pence.

Her mum gives a quarter of the money.

She pays for the rest herself.

How much does she pay herself?

Challenge 3

A teacher has three clues to determine his age; Clue 1 - This year my age is a multiple of 4; Clue 2 - Next year my age will be a multiple of 5; Clue 3 - I'm older than 18 but younger than 42.

How old is the teacher?

Challenge 4

Ten trees are planted in a row.

10 trees.

The trees are spaced out equally.

The distance between the fourth and sixth tree is 8 metres.

An arrow labelled with 8 metres to show the distance between the fourth, fifth and sixth trees.

What is the distance between the first and last tree?

Challenge 5

Filip has these five digit cards.

From left to right the cards are: 2, 3, 5, 7, 8.

He uses all of the cards to make a three-digit number and a two-digit number.

He multiplies the two numbers together and the answer is 15,741.

A two-row stacked sum equalling 15,741 with three blank spaces on the top row and two blank spaces on the bottom row, which are multiplied together.

What are the two numbers Filip makes?

Challenge 6

Here are two identical rectangles.

The rectangle closest to the y-axis has two labelled points on the side furthest from the x-axis with coordinates, A (3, 10) and B (9, 10); coordinate C is on the other rectangle's corner furthest from the y-axis and nearest to the x-axis.

The length of each rectangle is double its width.

Work out the coordinates of point C.

Challenge 7

A college has a vending machine that only sells crisps.

Crisps cost 55p per bag.

The table shows the amount of different coins taken in one day.

A vending machine.
Row 1: Coin, Number of coins. Row 2: £2, 4. Row 3: £1, 19. Row 4: 50p, 26. Row 5: 20p, 11. Row 6: 10p, 33. Row 7: 5p, 25.

How many bags of crisps were sold?


Before the break I was busy completing the paper work for your transfer to secondary school but there were some questions I could not answer because they are questions about you guys personally. Obviously, had we been in school I could have just asked you directly but circumstances being what they are that just isn't possible at the moment. I would like you to please open the file here and answer the questions on the sheet. There are only four questions and it shouldn't take you yoo long, but it would be a massive help to me in completing your paper work.